17 Questions and Answers from the Shaanxi Provincial Government

2020-02-10 19:07:18 , Source : Discover Shaanxi

Q1: Can the novel coronavirus be transmitted through aerosol transmission?

A: At present, the main transmission routes of novel coronaviruses are respiratory droplets and contact transmission, and aerosol and fecal-mouth transmission channels have not yet been confirmed. The epidemiological investigation showed that most cases had close contact with confirmed cases, which is in accordance with the characteristics of droplet transmission and contact transmission.

Q2: What is aerosol transmission?

A: Aerosol transmission refers to the nucleus of proteins and pathogens formed by the droplets losing water during air suspension, forming a droplet nucleus, which can be floated to a distance through the air, causing long-distance transmission.

Q3: Under what circumstances will aerosol transmission occur?

A: Under certain special conditions, such as clinical tracheal intubation and other professional medical operations, aerosol transmission may occur.

Q4: Is the novel coronavirus in the air? Can I open the window for ventilation?

A: The novel coronavirus can be transmitted through respiratory droplets. These droplets can travel a short distance, usually within 1-2 meters, and will not float in the air for a long time. When you cough or sneeze, turn around, turn your face to avoid others, cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or elbow, and keep a safe distance of at least 1 meter away from other people. Under daily ventilation, no novel coranavirus is generally found in the air. It is recommended to open the windows for ventilation at least twice a day, which is an effective measure to reduce the risk of infection, but we also remind everyone to keep warm.

Q5: Is there a virus on fruits and vegetables?

A: The probability of the virus contaminating vegetables, meat and fruits through droplets, direct contact, etc. is very low. Whether the novel coronavirus is transmitted through the fecal-oral route (digestive tract) is still to be determined. However, the food can be prevented from spreading through the digestive tract by washing and cooking food and washing hands before meals.

Q6: How can we prevent citizens from amassing together when buying things?

A: Some e-commerce platforms and large-scale supermarkets have explored the pre-sale model of grocery packaging. In order to improve efficiency, reduce the burden on distribution companies, reduce the flow of people, this is welcomed by the public. This approach is worth promoting everywhere.

Q7: How to disinfect the living environment?

A: The novel coronavirus is sensitive to ultraviolet rays and heat. Ether, 75% ethanol, chlorine-containing disinfectant, peracetic acid, and chloroform can effectively inactivate the virus. In some places, when the vehicle enters the community or the unit, the tires of the vehicle must be disinfected, or the disinfectant is sprayed on the road, which is an excessive method of disinfection. Disinfection is an important means to cut off the transmission route and control the spread of infectious diseases, but it should not be overdone. It should be done in accordance with regulations and all should pay attention to potential risks.

Q8: What is the output and supply of masks now?

A: As of February 7, the capacity utilization rate of mask manufacturers across the country has reached 73%, of which the capacity utilization rate of medical masks has reached 87%. Companies are currently increasing mask production and expanding production capacity. Support is being provided for a batch of production enterprises for single-order orders to implement technological transformation and expand production. We are actively encouraging multi-channel imports and promoting related enterprises to increase procurement efforts.

Q9: When will work fully resume?

A: At present, epidemic prevention and control is still a top priority. The overall consideration for the resumption of production and operation is to follow local scientific assessment, hierarchical management and control, highlight the key areas, and gradually expand the scope on the premise of implementing prevention and control measures for the epidemic situation. Specifically, in areas with severe epidemics, priority should be given to the resumption of business of necessities for daily necessities, increasing supply outlets, and facilitating the lives of the people. In areas where the epidemic situation is not so serious, it is necessary to appropriately expand the scope of multi-format operations, and we can no longer engage in "one-size-fits-all" management.

Q10: Are there few fresh leafy vegetables and then only at high prices?

A: We are currently organizing the harvesting of vegetables through the relevant departments of agriculture and rural areas at all levels to guide the expansion of fast-growing leafy vegetables in the surrounding areas of big cities. We are improving the nearby transportation of the main production areas around the city and increasing the supply of leafy vegetables. We are currently organizing technical extension departments and agricultural technicians of the agricultural clothing industry at all levels to strengthen technical guidance services. The beginning of spring has passed, and the production of vegetables, especially leafy vegetables, is gradually entering its peak season. The supply of leafy vegetables in key cities will gradually increase.

Q11: Is pork supply guaranteed? Will prices be maintained?

A: During the Spring Festival, pig production was generally stable, and prices did not increase significantly. After the emergence of the novel coronavirus pneumonia epidemic, the transportation of feed, veterinary drugs and other materials was blocked, and the return journey of the farmer's returning home was hindered. Most of the new and rebuilt pig farms could not start normally. Pork supplies are tight in some places and prices have risen to a certain extent. We are working hard to restore the normal order of production and operation as soon as possible, and strive to minimize the impact, and ensure that the production capacity of pigs is basically restored to near-normal levels before the end of the year.

Q12: Many chickens, ducks, geese, and other birds are going hungry. When will feed supplies be restored?

A: National feed enterprises have resumed production. According to the dispatch, the current utilization rate of feed enterprises in the country has reached more than 50%, among which Guangdong, Shandong, Hunan, these feed provinces have reached 70% of the operating rate, some large group companies operating rate of more than 90%. At present, all localities are actively organizing feed production and distribution to meet the demand for feed produced by the aquaculture industry. In some regions, there are unreasonable restrictions on the start-up and restart of production of feed enterprises, and there is still a certain degree of control over feed distribution. We are urging each place to rectify and resolve as soon as possible.

Q13: Some tests are coming back as "false negatives" Will nucleic acid tests be "missing"?

A: The detection rate of any virus ’s nucleic acid cannot be 100%, and the detection of novel coronavirus is no exception. It is inevitable to detect false negatives. Nucleic acid testing is an indispensable tool for the diagnosis of new coronavirus pneumonia. If the test result is positive, the diagnosis can be confirmed. Patients with negative initial test results belong to suspected cases. In accordance with the requirements of the current diagnosis and treatment plan, they need to be isolated and treated in designated hospitals and strictly observed.

Q14: During the epidemic prevention and control, can the elderly still live in a nursing home?

A: Due to a family's inability to take care the elderly during Spring Festival, it is planned to allow new admissions of the elderly. If there are no suspected symptoms, they can be admitted to the hospital after 14 days of isolation and observation. For empty nesters, the elderly who cannot take care of themselves and their children's relatives will receive isolation treatment, or whose relatives are unable to take care of them due to the frontline work for epidemic prevention and control, will mobilize village (resident) committees, property companies, and pensions through consultation with their families Service agencies, etc. should do a good job at home to help or accept into the elderly care institutions.

Q15: How do I apply for a temporary license plate for a new car?

A: For newly-purchased vehicles, if the original temporary number plate of the newly purchased vehicle exceeds the validity period, if the vehicle has not been transferred into the temporary number plate after the vehicle has been transferred out, the owner can log in to the “Transportation Management 12123” mobile app to the public security traffic management department of the vehicle location Apply for a temporary driving number plate and mail it after the background review.

Q16: What is being done to prevent infection from long-distance bus and passenger ship?

A: During the Spring Festival period, long-distance passenger shuttle buses will be used, and the number of passengers on water passenger liners will be controlled to 50% of the rated number of passengers and passengers will be advised to maintain a certain distance. Long-distance passenger shuttle buses, two rows of rear passenger chartered cars will be used as observation areas on the way, and water passenger liners will do a good job of setting up isolated areas and related work to prevent cross-infection. Passengers who have fever symptoms should be temporarily seated in the observation area and sent to an inspection station as soon as possible.

Q17: Will the epidemic affect spring planting?

A: The epidemic situation has a certain impact on spring planting production, but the overall situation is good. The area of winter wheat and winter rapeseed is basically stable. The temperature has been high since the beginning of winter, and three consecutive large-scale rains and snowfall have occurred. The winter wheat seedlings are growing well. Due to early preparation, the supply of seeds and pesticides was generally sufficient, and the fertilizer preparation situation in each province was comparable to that of normal years, and prices remained stable. It is estimated that during the spring planting period, more than 22 million units (sets) of various types of agricultural machinery will be invested in the country, the number is equivalent to that of last year, and the planting situation is also good.

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